Alopecia totalis refers to the complete loss of scalp hair. The dis'ease normally begins with a patient noticing one or more small bald spots on his or her scalp (at which point the disease is classified as alopecia areata). As the condition progresses into total hair loss, it will become classified as alopecia areata totalis.
This autoimmune dis'ease occurs when affected hair follicles are mistakenly attacked by a person’s own white blood cells. This causes hair to stop growing and then fall out. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may also be responsible for alopecia totalis; this is known as drug-induced alopecia totalis.
Alopecia totalis does not discriminate, affecting as many males as it does females. Although alopecia totalis may occur in people of all ages, it most commonly affects children. This disease is difficult for all who experience it, but it can be especially painful for children and their families—especially those children aged four and above, as they begin to pay more attention to the way that others react to them.
This is one dis'ease worth getting to the root of. The first question is always, why is the immune system attacking the hair follicles? Let's look briefly at some reasons of those reasons.